Visit to Joyous Joshimath Near Badrinath in India

Most of the Hindus would have completed the famous four dhams pilgrimage in India. However, there will be very few people who would have visited and stayed at some rare [ … ]

Amazing Ideas For Enjoying The Beauty Of The Chiapas, Mexico

Mexico is constantly ostracized for many of the crises it’s facing (drug problems, subsequent kidnappings, economic inequity), but it’s also important to give it credit for some of the wonders [ … ]

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What Services Would You Need From A Digital Marketing Agency?

As the use of technology increases and spreads worldwide, companies are turning to people who can help them build an online legacy. These people are known as the digital marketing companies – however, how would you know the good from the one who will produce no result? A good digital marketing agency will definitely be available with the services listed below.

  • Search Engine Optimization 

This term refers to the process of adjusting your website, pages or blogs the proper way so that their rankings rise in the Google Index Page. Why is this important, you ask? It is imperative because nobody goes to the second search page when Google displays the search results for the term they had put in the search box. They all stick to the first page and the top results because they are the ones which are popular. If you want your website within the top five or even the top ten, you will need good SEO practices to back up your website.

  • Social Media Marketing

A new jersey SEO, web design and digital marketing company is good if it pays attention to your business’ social media marketing, apart from the content. Social media is probably one of the biggest channels through which you can connect with your customers. A good digital marketing agency will help you in creating and managing the social media accounts of your company. They will keep a track of the comments, requests and any other news from your social media feed because hidden in those data, is your customer’s needs. The more positive this report gets, the more your business will thrive.

  • Content Marketing 

Every company leader you go and meet today will tell you that content is king, in today’s world. Content is the basic data on which online empires stand on. The more content you produce, the more are your chances of getting your content viewed by your target audience. Interesting content always catches the eye of the audience. Nowadays, with the impatience of the crowd, companies are also rooting for blogs with shorter content length. An increase of visual content has also been seen like gifs, memes, images and more. To oversee all these aspects, you need this service to establish your online presence.

  • Web Designing 

Another major point of importance for your company is your company website. A new jersey SEO, web design and digital marketing company that is good will offer you services that will alter your website for the best. They will clean up your website and turn your website into an interface that your customers will find it easy and interesting to use. This is the main use of their web designing services. This also includes putting backlinks or ads on your website to drive your traffic to the main website.

These are the most popular services that a new jersey SEO, web design and digital marketing company will offer you.

Effects Of Passive Smoking

Every year, there are approximately 44,000 Americans that die from smoking. To make matters worse, there are other people that suffer from secondhand smoke. There are many bad effects of secondhand smoking.

Secondhand smoking, also known as passive smoking, is almost as dangerous as smoking the cigarette yourself. To be exposed to secondhand smoking is to inhale unfiltered tobacco. It has been said that secondhand smoking is more dangerous than smoking first hand because of this. It has been noted by the American Heart Association as well as by the US Surgeon General that secondhand smoking versus those that are not near smoke have an upwards of 30{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a} more risk of having heart disease. Lung cancer is also dangerous to secondhand smokers, as they pose a 25{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a} higher chance of having this debilitating disease. It has been further noted that secondhand smoke has been named as a carcinogen by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Alternatively, there are individuals and studies that have proven that there is not too much left to the belief that secondhand smoking has any effects on your health whatsoever. One study showed that there is not a significant link to secondhand smoking and direct smoking of the cigarette itself. The individuals that were exposed to the secondhand smoke did not have significant enough numbers to even document any effects of the passive smoking.

One of the most susceptible groups of individuals that can have poor effects of passive smoking is children. The effects of secondhand smoking on children, especially on fetuses, can lead to irreversible damage. It is noted that many infants that are exposed to secondhand smoking have died of SIDS, as well as being born prematurely and with very low birth weight. Many children that are exposed to secondhand smoke are sick quite frequently, especially with multiple respiratory problems.

Stop smoking

With the above information given, it is clear that there are indeed many poor effects of passive smoking. Should you be around smoking, you can remove yourself from the situation, as well as educate the individual smoking the negative effects of smoking. The effects of passive smoking are indeed harmful to your health as well as the health of others. Informing those around you will not only be saving your life but the lives of many others as well.

Things You Didn’t Know You Could Eat That Are Actually Good For You

Here is a list of things you probably had no idea were edible and which happen to be good for you. The good thing is you can find most of these in your backyard.

1. Nettle
Growing up, this plant was my worst nightmare. I remember the bullies in school would always try to sting us with a branch of nettle. But this biting plant that grows in your backyard is not that evil but actually good for you. Nettle is considered a super-food because of its nutritional value. It is low in calories, high in vitamins, minerals, and fiber. It is high in calcium, magnesium, iron, potassium, sulfur, Vitamin A, C, and B complex Vitamins.

In Eastern Europe, people use nettle to cook soups and even filling for pies and “piroshki”. You could make a nettle salad, simply steam it and eat as a vegetable, or brew it as a tea. During WWII nettle was the main food for many people in Eastern Europe and saved many lives.

Throughout history, it is also used in folk remedies to treat various disease like gout, prostate cancer, hepatitis and gall bladder inflammation, and worms.

Nettle is also good to eat if you are trying to lose weight because it provides a dense amount of nutrients for a small number of calories. It also suppresses appetite, purifies the blood, and flushes the extra water weight and toxins.

2. Dandelions

These weeds are known as perfect lawn’s worst enemy. But instead of fighting them people should eat them. This plant was brought to America from Europe by the colonist who used it as food and topic for various ailments.

Dandelions are a good source of calcium, potassium, Vitamin A and C. Every part of this plant is edible, the flower, leaves, and the root.

Dandelions shouldn’t be picked in your yard if you have treated the lawn with any type of chemicals. Also, dandelions that have been cut many types with the lawnmower will likely be bitter. The best place to pick them is in a place where the grass grows free. The best time to pick them is when they are young and did not fully bloom yet.

The leaves of the dandelion could be added in a salad or steam for a side of vegetables. The flower could be used to make homemade wine and jam. The root could be ground into a coffee-like drink.

The dandelion is a choleretic and could be used to aid digestion, liver disease, stomach ulcers, flatulence, dyspepsia, stomach cramps, and hypofunction of the stomach. Could also be used as a laxative for dogs and cats.

Dandelions are used to get rid of intestinal worms. The extract from leaves and flowers help with rheumatism, arthritis, cracked nipples in nursing mothers, as well as atherosclerosis, hypertension, varicose veins. Dandelion strengthens the heart. It is used to treat hemorrhoids, as well as epilepsy. Dandelions normalize the metabolism, help with gout, diabetes, Graves’ disease. It is also a diaphoretic and a febrifuge.

Dandelion juice is used for eczema, warts, chloasma, scleroderma. The leaves have a healing effect from sun damage, snake and insect bites, bruises, wounds, and swelling.

There is evidence that dandelions contribute to the treatment of disease of the circulatory system, anemia, strengthens the blood-forming organs, reducing cholesterol.

The use of the dandelion has a positive effect on hypovitaminosis, obesity, it stimulates appetite, and helps with a toothache and headache.

Not too shabby for a common garden weed.

3. Plantago

This plant is often found on the side of roads and trails. In Russian, it is called “podorozhnik” which mean “along-the-road”.

The part of this plant that is edible is the leaves. Pick them, and sauté like you would any other green leafy vegetable. It could also be added into a salad, added into a soup. The leaves could also be juiced or made into a syrup.

Plantago is high in Vitamin C, A, and K and potassium. Plantago is also rich in enzymes, volatile production, polysaccharides, glucose, and fructose.

Plantago leaves are also considered antiseptic and stop bleeding. Holding the leave to a wound, burn or a bite will clean it up and help it heal. It also improves digestion and is a good expectorant.

4. Dock

In the last hundred years, people in Eastern Europe stopped considering Rumex as a weed and actually began growing it in their gardens. It has a sour, delicious taste. Most often dock is cooked into “green borscht” as Russians call it. However, it is also good when eaten raw.

Fresh dock leaves have a large amount of carotene, vitamins B, K, ascorbic acid, oxalic acid, tannin, calcium, potassium, magnesium, and iron.

Out of the four plants, I tried dock many times. It is very delicious. Has anyone actually tried any of these? Leave a comment telling me your experience.

Hybrid Lexus – Worth It?

Hybrid Automobile Comparison: Which Hybrid Auto Ought to You Choose

Hybrid autos are finding extra and further well-identified correct now. In straightforward fact, additional and far more individuals are now purchasing hybrid autos due to the reality of a range of causes. 1 is that they will delight in tax incentives as a purchaser of a hybrid automobile, two is that they will be capable to conserve a fantastic deal of funds from the soaring price of important, pricey and limited provision of fuel and 3, it will enable them to create much less pollution to the environment since of the extremely low toxic emissions generated by hybrid automobiles.

Due to the reality of the increasing recognition of hybrid automobiles, additional and a lot more auto producers are now competing to generate the finest sort of hybrid automobiles. They are now producing hybrid vehicles integrated with state-of-the-artwork know-how that will allow shoppers to conserve a lot more on fuel, and also an auto that will be in a position to produce decreased poisonous emissions.

Even so, due to the fact of the creating marketplace for hybrid autos, and also simply since of much more and a lot much more vehicle suppliers that are now integrating hybrid engineering in their autos, numerous men and women are inclined to get baffled on which hybrid vehicle to acquire. In addition to, all vehicle suppliers guarantees to supply the finest type of hybrid vehicles in the marketplace spot these days.

In order to know which hybrid vehicle to acquire, you have to examine them closely for you to know which hybrid vehicle is for you and which hybrid car or truck you can benefit from a lot more. You have to examine some components of hybrid automobiles in purchase to establish which hybrid auto is superior to the other.

On the other hand, prior to you go on and examine hybrid automobiles, you initially have to know a minor something about how hybrid automobiles function and how you can benefit from it. 1st of all, hybrid automobiles use the cleanest and the most efficient source of energy, which is electricity and also gasoline. Hybrid automobiles are what you can clarify as a cross among a standard gasoline-powered auto and an electric-powered vehicle.

It makes it probable for you to save fuel and emit lesser volumes of poisonous fumes because hybrid automobiles run on electrical energy when it is idle. What this implies is that when you are stuck in web site visitors, and the hybrid automobile is running idle, or not in motion, it will instantly swap of the gasoline engine. Consequently, the hybrid vehicle will run purely on electrical power. As soon as you step on the accelerator pedal, it will immediately change on the gasoline engine once much more to run the vehicle.

So, now that you know how hybrid autos perform and how you can benefit from it, you now have to know how to review hybrid vehicles in buy to get the correct variety of hybrid vehicle or truck for your every single day use.

Quite initial of all, you want to ascertain how you will use the auto. If you have a household, it is proposed that you get an SUV hybrid automobile. This will allow you to carry considerably more passengers. Nonetheless, you also have to take into account that SUV hybrid autos can price a little a lot much more than hybrid autos.

The principal benefit of a hybrid automobile is that it is fuel efficient. You have to pick a hybrid vehicle that is the most fuel efficient in acquiring for you to maximize its rewards. You can ask your dealer about the fuel performance of the automobile or truck. They will be capable to tell you how considerably miles a gallon it can conserve in contrast to standard autos and other hybrid automobiles.

These are the approaches on how you can assessment hybrid autos in purchase for you to choose which 1 particular to get. Bear in mind all these issues and you can be positive that you will be capable to get the right type of hybrid auto or truck accessible in the marketplace today. To start your search, Honda and Toyota are two of the principal firms right now that produce reasonably priced and efficient hybrid automobiles.

Lexus Hybrid Car or truck: Driving in Luxury and Comfort devoid of the Large Price of Gasoline

Spearheading Hybrid technologies in the motor earth, Toyota has several patents which are utilized by other automakers to steer clear of legal troubles. Due to the fact they have been ready to arrive up with a couple of-of firsts in the hybrid technology, Toyota is a definite front runner and has unselfishly shared some of these innovations to other vehicle makers.

But of the program, individuals that belong to the Toyota secure is fortunate to be ready to be a part of these developments. Like their luxury marquee, Lexus, there have been a couple of autos that have been integrated with hybrid tactics.

A single of these is the Lexus RX 400H. Introduced initial in the 2004 North American Worldwide Automobile Display, this Lexus luxury vehicle is the 2nd hybrid SUV to be mass produced. It was quite first introduced as a 2006 style. Lexus had a tough time filling the demands and had a virtual home run with the Lexus RX 400H. With much less noise than its regular twin brother, this hybrid automobile emits significantly fewer gases and prevents normal fill-ups, you get extra miles to the gallon, whilst not as a lot as the Prius. But then, it is an SUV.

The Lexus GS hybrid is an additional hybrid vehicle in the lineup that’s a portion of the third generation Lexus GS. Outfitted with the utmost comfort and capabilities, this luxury midsize sports sedan has all the energy and overall performance of its standard mirror picture but is further fuel effective and environmentally pleasant. The GS 450H comes with a three.five-liter V6 engine and a substantial output electric drive motor that creates 340 total output horsepower. The sophisticated and smooth GS 450H has a believed fuel consumption of 25 miles per gallon in the metropolis and 28 in highway driving. For its cost tag, you get characteristics like Bluetooth know-how, DVD navigation technique, backup digital camera, Homelink transceiver, a great sound method, and other big quit comforts and equipment.

Then there is the Lexus LS 600H L. It is the world’s initial ever full hybrid auto that is furnished with a V8 engine. Test driving and even just hunting at this impressive vehicle scream innovation. Pumping electrical power to this really remarkable luxury vehicle is a five.-liter V8 gasoline engine with a high-output electronic motor that generates 430 horsepower. When pairing this specification with a typical automobile, 1 would perhaps really feel of the gallons upon gallons of fuel this auto would digest. But it is a hybrid, so this implies much fewer pit stops for refueling and fewer gas emissions. Coupled with a range of luxurious attributes and accessories, the Lexus LS hybrid is completely a gift well worth giving to one’s self.

Saving up on fuel and assisting the setting doesn’t have to suggest that we have to drive a modest automobile that has an engine that could barely climb up a hill. We do not have to sacrifice comfort, safety, and energy. With the Lexus Hybrid lineup, backed up with Toyota’s information and technology, we can have the extremely finest of equal worlds.

Examine out the net for a Lexus hybrid vehicle dealer in close proximity to you, there is a fantastic deal of offers and specific charges you can avail of. You can even go by way of some assessments and examine out which one certain would match your way of living very best.

Why Twitter is my favorite educational app

I have a favorite educational app. There, I said it. It’s not what you think. In fact, this app is more like a fun way to pass the time rather than a tool for active learning. It’s called Twitter and I think it’s the most powerful way to connect with students that have ever been invented. While it may not be the best app for connecting in person, it’s a fabulous way to connect with students from around the world.

Twitter breaks that shackles of your current student life by letting you chat with anyone of any age at any location. All from your phone. Want to talk to someone about sports? Clothing? Studying? Online learning? Just punch in some relevant hashtags in the ‘Discover’ area of Twitter and you’re off to the races.

So how do you go about being a good Twitter user? Use these helpful tips to get started:

So if you’re looking for some high-quality Twitter tips, let’s check them out.

  • The first step is to maintain visibility as often as possible. You probably want to tweet often and tweet in the afternoon. That seems to be the best time to get seen (around 3-7pm).
  • Be sure to rally up support. You want to tweet that people and have conversations with followers. It pays to have twitter fans. In other words, you want to be able to chat with people on a regular basis so make sure you have a steady growth of followers.
  • Next to be sure to show your fans some Twitter love. What does that mean? That means that you should follow those who retweet you. You should also be sure to communicate with them on a regular basis.
  • Share some unique content. Make sure you are tweeting interesting and newsworthy links whenever it’s possible.
  • Then be sure to tweet what you see where you see it and when you see it. Twitter is a great new source so don’t be afraid to share, you know, the news.
  • Finally, be sure to be as concise as possible with your tweets. Leave room for retreats and comments!

“Accidental” Negative Campaign Leaks Against Mitt Romney

Mitt Romney’s religion continues to get slapped around by rival campaigns, and it really is no surprise. Politics, in general, seems to bring out the worst in people, doing whatever they think is necessary to propel their candidate ahead of others. Problem is, Mitt really is a good guy with great values and a sincere desire to improve our country with his leadership. You may not agree with all his standpoints on issues, but it is hard to question his character.
Do I think he will win? I really don’t know. But taking cheap shots at him has more than a few candidates nervous about the possible backlash. The problem is, other than pointing out differences on platform issues, there is not much to bring him down; so, the underhanded personal attacks begin.

What has me started on this? This article in the Boston Globe actually takes a fairly non-partisan view summarizing some of what has happened of late. I am really not all that riled up about it, but it bothers me of course. It’s more like a casual, continual annoyance at the character of so many in politics and religious positions of leadership.
Mitt’s a Mormon (technically a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints) and is not only doing anything to hide that fact, but he is also proud of it. Does that influence his position on things? Absolutely, though it does not dictate it. His religious beliefs are simply representative of his tendencies toward family values and spiritual freedoms. Beyond that, he has made it clear by his voting history and statements that he acts based on the good of the country, not on personal biases. Isn’t that exactly what most of us want in a president?

I am not going to banner wave any one candidate or try to sway anyone on their vote, I just can’t stand when people are afraid of losing in a fair battle, so they instead resort to essentially cheating. Campaign leaks and comments made by lower staffers are really not all that accidental. There is a strategy for almost everything done in the press. Once a statement is made like “Mormons aren’t Christian, in fact, they really are a cult,” no amount of “disavowing and apologies later make up for it. The damage is done…just as intended.

I’ll state it plain and simple here: Mormon’s are Christian. Though there may be differences in religious tenets in your particular view of God, Christ and other facets of Christianity, there is no basis to warp your definition of Christianity to exclude someone’s personal, heartfelt convictions. It’s as simple as that.

There are a number of sites targeting ad placement on any article related to Mitt Romney. Some are favorable to Mormons, some are staunchly anti-Mormon, trying to warp and degrade the message about Mormons in any way they can. It’s amazing the lengths some people will go to bring down other people rather than build up those that want to be. All that said, I was happy to see one of these sites with an impressively neutral position on whether Mormons are Christian. This site, of another Christian faith, simply says

“As it’s asked, this question doesn’t make sense. It implies that it’s what you do that makes you a Christian. So if being a Christian isn’t something you do, what is a Christian? Simply, a Christian is one in whom Christ dwells by his Spirit. It’s a relationship between you and Christ. You put your faith and trust in Jesus, asking him to forgive and save you, and he does everything! Can members of the Kiwanis Club be Christians? Sure. Are they all Christians? Surely not. Are Mormon’s Christians? Surely some are, some are not.”

I couldn’t ask for more from another faith. Isn’t tolerance and understanding what all should offer and expect?
All definitions aside, whether Mormon’s are Christian or not has no place in discussions of who is the best choice for President. If you wish to evaluate at Romney’s activity in a religious organization as part of your character assessment of him, great; but to make degrading references of his beliefs as part of a strategic effort to knock him down is just plain wrong, unethical, and frankly immoral. Particularly those who do it in the name of their version of Christianity should be ashamed; they mock the very principles Jesus taught that they claim to believe.

Of course, we have a long time ahead of us in the next presidential bid, so this is nowhere near the end of what we will see in the negative campaigning. On the surface, the major candidates will avoid it because they know the public on the whole and especially the media abhors bigotry far more than whether a particular religious sect is “better” than the other. I just hope the back room techniques will be held at bay.

Procrastinating Christmas Lights

I am happy to report that this year I beat the procrastination curve…er, meaning I didn’t procrastinate. That’s right, I put up my Christmas lights the weekend prior to Thanksgiving this year. Take note, we don’t turn them on until tonight when our entire street does this “lighting parade” thing where we all turn them on as we walk down the street to the chorus of oohs and ahhs. Why is this important you ask? If you are asking, you are likely from California or some other warm state; those from states that snow knows what I am talking about. I beat the snow!

Yep, the putting up of the lights. I’m not a scrooge mind you. I enjoy having them there during the season, just dread the time it takes to do the actual putting up. It is one of those things that takes several hours for not all that much to show for it in the end. And, if you really want to go gangbusters with the display, you better set aside an entire weekend and a few extra weeknights threw in there for good measure.

Procrastinating Christmas Lights

I have several angles to my roofline, and the tallest peak is 28 feet up there, so mine is no small task. Now, imagine climbing up that high with snow and ice on the shingles – not gonna happen. I have done it in the past, like an idiot, and come very close numerous times to take a fast way down. Who knows how many times my ladder was on the brink of sliding out on its own way to leave me dangling on high. It is a real problem, in fact, there are articles every year about the injuries and deaths that occur with zealous people (typically men) try to hang the lights in the worst of conditions.

Procrastinating Christmas Lights

I am a procrastinator, I admit it and I try to stop doing it continually. This year I succeeded on at least this one thing. So, as it snows outside today for the first big storm of the year I sit at my computer and happily report that my lights are up and I welcome the weather. Let it snow, let it snow, let it snow!

Stay Refreshed Even While Camping

There are a number of reasons why investing in a portable hammock stand is a great idea. Hammocks are known to be comfortable and very efficient. While there are various kinds of hammocks available in the market, the ones that come with a portable stand are always the best ones to invest in. You can find a number of best 2 person hammock available in the market; however always ensure you pick one that comes with a stand which can be folded. These foldable stands are a lot easier to transport and take on trips.

One such advantage is the ability of the hammock to make your mind sharper and concentrate better. With a hammock you will sleep immediately. However when you do not sleep your mind tends to wander and think about a million things. This makes the mind feel tired when it wakes up in the morning. Since the hammock puts the body to sleep almost immediately the mind takes a rest as well. There are no thoughts that run through it and you will end up feeling fresh when you wake up in the morning. Switching from a mattress to a hammock is definitely one of the best things to do for your health.

People who have slept on hammocks confirm that they are comfortable and very efficient to sleep on. The rocking motion that a hammock has helps to relax your body and put you to sleep. Since they are not firm, you will never suffer from any back or neck problems while resting on them. Hammocks are very easy to set up and the ones that are portable are also convenient to pack while on a trip. You can also set them up in your garden when you plan on relaxing over the weekend.

By switching to a hammock you can smartly put your body to sleep and get rid of your sleeping problem from the first night itself. Since the hammock has a slow rocking action it relaxes your body and makes you feel like a baby. Within minutes your body will move to a completely relaxed state and you will be fast asleep. This is a better remedy than anything else available out there. Switching from a mattress to a hammock today will do you more good than harm.

Hammocks are very comfortable and they make amazing beds when you’re away from home. Sleeping in a hammock is very easy and even people who have sleep disorders manage to fall asleep in these hammocks in no time. The rocking motion helps to relax your body.

When you switch from a mattress to a hammock it takes a couple of minutes to get used to it. However once you are used to it there will be no reason to switch back to a mattress. Once of the biggest benefits of a hammock is the way it treats your back and your neck. There is no person who has not woken up from a mattress without back pain.

Iron ore: Yes, the juice is bitter

The competition is fierce among the top iron ore miners to drive down costs. In recent days BHP Billiton has touted its plan to usurp all – Rio Tinto in particular – as the lowest cost miner of iron ore, which is the main ingredient in steel making.

The miner is hosting analysts in Australia to hear its production plans which are, like its main rival, to produce more iron ore more cheaply in a market already in oversupply. Indeed, Jimmy Wilson, President of BHP’s iron ore unit, has likened it to squeezing as much juice from a lemon as possible.

The efforts are admirable but defensive. Four titans of iron ore – BHP, Rio Tinto, Vale and Fortescue – account for about half of the market’s supply and among these BHP and Rio Tinto produce iron ore cheapest. Rio Tinto comes first with very basic operating costs somewhere just under $21/tonne iron ore. BHP Billiton is next with operating costs at about $27/tonne. Vale and Fortescue come thereafter.

Now BHP wants to beat Rio Tinto on operating costs. Wilson said BHP aimed to be the “lowest all in cash cost supplier of iron ore to China” in a Monday presentation to analysts and has a $20/tonne figure in mind. Next year the company aims to come under $25/tonne.

It’s all quite notable. But it’s the price of iron ore that makes this lemon wringing exercise exceedingly bitter. The savings come in a market where prices have plummeted month after month.

The price for 62{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a}-iron-ore fines for example is now well under $100/tonnes after having spent the past half decade far above that mark (see chart below) – at times near $200/tonne. BHP, along with other miners reducing costs, is really just making the best of bad (or more fairly worse-than-it-was) situation.
Analysts have received the operating cost reductions favourably. JP Morgan analysts – on the BHP tour – called the diversified’s latest plan “impressive”.

But the hard work on costs isn’t translating into stock price bullishness. JP Morgan maintains a neutral stance on BHP shares.

Others rate it higher, though. Cowen and Company gives BHP stock a $67/share target, which at presstime traded just under $58 on the NYSE. That mark, however, was a recent reduction from $74/share.

Reflecting partly the fact that BHP is playing a bit of catch up on costs against front-runner Rio Tinto, analysts hold slightly more positive views of the latter miner. Cowen has called Rio Tinto it’s top pick among diversifieds.

Likewise, JP Morgan prefers Rio Tinto, seeing BHP shares as pricier in terms of free cash flow. Or as JP Morgan put it in a recent note: “we forecast RIO has a more attractive mark to market FCF yield; we forecast BHP’s FCF yield at 4.8{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a}/4.9{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a} in CY 2015/16E, whilst RIO trades on 5.5{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a}/5.8{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a} in CY 2015/16E.

There just isn’t enough sweetness in BHP’s cost-cutting plans to get a better rating. It is being aggressive, yes. But not so much as the fall of iron ore prices.

Marampa and Ebola: Sierra Leone economy twin hit

The economy of the ebola-hit West African state, Sierra Leone faces a major additional hurdle should London Mining’s Marampa iron ore mine shut down. With Marampa’s debt-ridden operating company, London Mining, in administration, and with apparently little hope of survival as a corporate entity all eyes are now on whether the iron ore mine itself can survive.
Marampa and Ebola Sierra Leone economy twin hit 1As an indicator of the importance of this mine to the national economy, Sierra Leone’s Finance Minister, Kaifala Marrah, flew into the UK this weekend in an attempt to salvage the mining operation from the London Mining wreckage. According to the UK’s Sunday Times the mine itself employs 2,400 workers directly, but an additional tens of thousands depend on it financially. It is one of the country’s bigger export earners with an output which was due to rise to 6.5 million tonne/year this year. Marampa has a mineral resource of over 1 billion tonnes of iron ore including a Probable Reserve of 539 million tonnes grading 31.1{f3b888cd21f4f097cf256c2abf48fb4da5e46c34da410c05974afd2e97e2de2a} Fe, sufficient for over 40 years of mine life.

Pre-ebola, Sierra Leone was one of the poorest countries in Africa and in the World, but had been showing relatively strong growth since the end of a devastating civil war which ended in 2002. While subsistence agriculture is the primary employer, mining is important to the economy, with diamonds the principal earner and iron ore beginning to be an important sector. While Marampa is a relatively small operation by world standards it is significant in Sierra Leone’s case, although is dwarfed by African Minerals’s Tonkolili iron ore mine which is building up to mine 35 million tonne/year iron ore and has a resource of over 12 billion tonnes. According to the World Bank, the country has a GDP of only around $5 billion and vast unemployment but the economy had been growing recently at double digit levels.

Talks in the UK with London Mining, its administrators and potential investors, is revolving around the future of Marampa rather than of London Mining itself which is seen as doomed. According to the Sunday Times there are two parties potentially interested in taking on the mine. The first is JSW Steel, a subsidiary of India’s Jindal Steel group but there are worries here that it might close down the operation while it invests in new infrastructure on site.

Marampa and Ebola Sierra Leone economy twin hit 1

Entrepreneur Frank Timis, who is Executive Chairman of African Minerals, is also reported to be interested in taking over the mine and has proposed investing in a 4km rail spur to link Marampa to African Minerals’ rail link to the coast which would improve Marampa’s economics in the face of the big recent fall in the iron ore price.

But all this is happening at the worst possible time, with the ebola threat limiting investor interest in the country as a whole and adversely impacting logistics, and the low iron ore price having a severely adverse effect on iron ore mine profit potential. Finance Minister Marrah is also reported as considering nationalising Marampa should other talks fail and there is still hope that the mine, which is still operating, can be kept as a going concern, although the economics of so doing are fragile.


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